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MODEL LOCAL WISDOM TO PRESERYE THE ENVIRONMENT IN SOUTH SULAWESI AND WEST SULAWESI INDONESIA

Journal from UNM / 2016-09-13 13:46:19
Oleh : Sunardi, Universitas Negeri Makassar (sunardi5510@yahoo.co.id)
Dibuat : 2016-09-13, dengan 1 file

Keyword : Environmental preservation; Indigenous communities; Local knowledge.

This study aims to determine the local knowledge of communitiesto preserve the environment in South Sulawesi and West Sulawesi, this research was using a qualitative research approach. The independent variable of this study was the local wisdom of indigenous groups of Kajang, Karampuang; Toraja, and Mamasa. Data analysis involved a descriptive analysis of the results that were obtained from the interviews. The results show severalfindings. Firstly, according to the local wisdom of the Kajang who as indigenous groups believe in Pasang, literally as customary law that must be respected and upheld by the Kajang communities in relation to environmental protection, in particular with respect to forest resources. Secondly, the local wisdom of the Katamfiuaiigcommunity groups that cutting down trees in the customary forest must re authorized by the Gella (indigenous leadership) which requires the planting of trees ten times the amount harvested. If this provision is violated, the people arc deprived of their customary privileges for generations. Thirdly,the local wisdom of the Toraja community groups refers to Kombong which literally translates to llie protection of forests to preserve Wood, bamboo, and oilier building materials that are used to renovate traditional houses and barns. Finally, the local wisdom of the Mamasa community groups refers to Ombo' which literally means the protection of forest on any upstream or springs, and to Marrauk which literally refers to the planting of protective trees for

llie village, These fourgroups of indigenous peoples reflect how adaptable their human experience

is with nature, and how they can live as one wich nature. The fourth local wisdom, high economic

value because it can conserve water resources is needed for agriculture.

Deskripsi Alternatif :

This study aims to determine the local knowledge of communitiesto preserve the environment in South Sulawesi and West Sulawesi, this research was using a qualitative research approach. The independent variable of this study was the local wisdom of indigenous groups of Kajang, Karampuang; Toraja, and Mamasa. Data analysis involved a descriptive analysis of the results that were obtained from the interviews. The results show severalfindings. Firstly, according to the local wisdom of the Kajang who as indigenous groups believe in Pasang, literally as customary law that must be respected and upheld by the Kajang communities in relation to environmental protection, in particular with respect to forest resources. Secondly, the local wisdom of the Katamfiuaiigcommunity groups that cutting down trees in the customary forest must re authorized by the Gella (indigenous leadership) which requires the planting of trees ten times the amount harvested. If this provision is violated, the people arc deprived of their customary privileges for generations. Thirdly,the local wisdom of the Toraja community groups refers to Kombong which literally translates to llie protection of forests to preserve Wood, bamboo, and oilier building materials that are used to renovate traditional houses and barns. Finally, the local wisdom of the Mamasa community groups refers to Ombo' which literally means the protection of forest on any upstream or springs, and to Marrauk which literally refers to the planting of protective trees for

llie village, These fourgroups of indigenous peoples reflect how adaptable their human experience

is with nature, and how they can live as one wich nature. The fourth local wisdom, high economic

value because it can conserve water resources is needed for agriculture.

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PropertiNilai Properti
ID PublisherUNM
OrganisasiUniversitas Negeri Makassar
Nama KontakUPT. Perpustakaan UNM
AlamatJl. AP Pettarani
KotaMakassar
DaerahSulawesi Selatan
NegaraIndonesia
Telepon0411-867787
Fax0411-867787
E-mail Administratorhartoto@unm.ac.id (081 343 865 864)
E-mail CKOperpustakaan@unm.ac.id

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  • , Editor: Dr. Sunardi, M. Pd

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